# na2co3 + h2so4

Sodium carbonate is a carbonate salt and readily reacts with H2SO4. Let us know more about the reaction between H2SO4 and Na2CO3.

Na2CO3 is a basic metal carbonate that is white in color. It easily undergoes a reaction with H2SO4, a colorless, strong acid. Sodium carbonate is a Lowry-Bronsted base, capable of accepting H+ from H2SO4.

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In this article, we will discuss some facts about the reaction H2SO4 + Na2CO3, lượt thích the type of reaction, conjugate pairs, balancing method etc.

## What is the product of H2SO4 and Na2CO3?

Sodium sulphate, water and bubbles of carbon dioxide are obtained when H2SO4 is added vĩ đại Na2CO3.

Na2CO3 + H2SO4 ———> Na2SO4 + CO2 + H2O

## What type of reaction is H2SO4 + Na2CO3?

Na2CO3 + H2SO4 is a neutralization reaction, along with double decomposition reaction.

## How vĩ đại balance H2SO4 + Na2CO3? The equation is balanced using the following steps.

Na2CO3 + H2SO4 = Na2SO4 + CO2 + H2O

• Count the number of each element involved in the reaction, in both the reactant and product side.
• We find that the numbers of each element in the reactant and product side is equal. Hence the reaction is self-balanced.

## H2SO4 + Na2CO3 titration

H2SO4 + Na2CO3 is a strong acid-weak base titration. To estimate the normality of H2SO4, we can titrate Na2CO3 and H2SO4 using the following procedure.

### Apparatus

Burette, burette stand, conical flask, glass funnel, 10 ml pipette, and beaker.

### Indicator

Methyl orange is used as the indicator.

### Procedure

• Pipette out 10 ml of the standardized Na2CO3 solution and add a few drops of indicator.
• Fill the burette with H2SO4 solution, whose normality is vĩ đại be known.
• Slowly add H2SO4 from the burette into the conical flask with constant stirring.
• The endpoint is the appearance of orange-red color.
• Note the burette reading and repeat the procedure for 3 concurrent readings.
• We can find the unknown normality of H2SO4 by using the formula, V1S1=V2S2.

## H2SO4 + Na2CO3 net ionic equation

The net ionic equation of H2SO4 + Na2CO3 is

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2H+ (aq) + CO32- (aq) = CO2 (g) + H2O (l)

To derive the net ionic equation, the following steps are followed:

• Write the ionic size of each of the substances along with their states. The complete ionic equation of H2SO4 + Na2CO3 is –
• 2H+ (aq) + SO42- (aq) + 2Na+(aq) + CO32-(aq) = 2Na+(aq) + SO42- (aq) + CO2(g) +H2O (l)
• Cancel the spectator ions (SO42-, Na+), which appear on both sides of the equation, vĩ đại arrive at the net ionic equation.

## H2SO4 + Na2CO3 conjugate pairs

• Conjugate base of the acid H2SO4 = HSO4-
• Conjugate acid of the base Na2CO3 = HCO3-

## H2SO4 + Na2CO3 intermolecular forces

• Ionic, dipole-dipole, hydrogen bonding and Van der Waals dispersion force are the intermolecular forces that exist in H2SO4.
• Electrostatic force of attraction exists in Na2CO3 between the metallic sodium ions and polyatomic carbonate ions.

## H2SO4 + Na2CO3 reaction enthalpy

H2SO4 + Na2CO3 reaction enthalpy is -122.4 KJ/mol, and the negative sign denotes that heat is liberated during this reaction.

## Is H2SO4 + Na2CO3 a buffer solution?

H2SO4 + Na2CO3 is not a buffer solution because the reaction mixture contains H2SO4, which is a strong acid.

## Is H2SO4 + Na2CO3 a complete reaction?

H2SO4 + Na2CO3 is a complete reaction, as aqueous sulphuric acid completely neutralizes sodium carbonate vĩ đại size sodium sulphate.

## Is H2SO4 + Na2CO3 an exothermic reaction?

H2SO4 + Na2CO3 is an exothermic reaction, as the reaction enthalpy is negative.

## Is H2SO4 + Na2CO3 a redox reaction?

H2SO4 + Na2CO3 is not a redox reaction, as no element is neither oxidized nor reduced.

## Is H2SO4 + Na2CO3 a precipitation reaction?

The reaction H2SO4 + Na2CO3 is not a precipitation reaction as the product, sodium sulphate, formed is completely soluble in water.

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## Is H2SO4 + Na2CO3 irreversible reaction?

H2SO4 + Na2CO3 is an irreversible reaction because, at equilibrium, the reactants are completely converted into Na2SO4, along with the release of CO2 gas.

## Is H2SO4 + Na2CO3 a displacement reaction?

The reaction between H2SO4 + Na2CO3 is an example of double displacement reaction, followed by an immediate decomposition reaction of unstable carbonic acid (H2CO3) into CO2 and water.