HCOONa is commonly a sodium salt of formic acid and has the potential vĩ đại react with strong acids. Let us see the mechanism of its reaction with H_{2}SO_{4}.

Bạn đang xem: hcoona h2so4

**Sodium formate, also known as sodium methanoate, combines with sulfuric acid vĩ đại synthesize formic acid. HCOONa is formed by absorbing carbon monoxide in solid sodium hydroxide. It appears as white deliquescent granules that, when exposed vĩ đại moisture, transform into liquid. H _{2}SO_{4} is a colorless, strong oxidizing agent.**

The following sections of the article shall discuss in detail the reaction between HCOONa and H_{2}SO_{4}, the products formed, enthalpy of the reaction, the reaction type, etc.

**What is the product of H**_{2}SO_{4} and HCOONa?

_{2}SO

_{4}and HCOONa?

**Formic acid and Sodium sulfate are formed as major products when HCOONa is reacted with H _{2}SO_{4}.**

**2HCOONa + H _{2}SO_{4 }—>**

**2HCOOH + Na**

_{2}SO_{4}

**What type of reaction is H**_{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ HCOONa?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa is an example of double displacement reaction, also referred vĩ đại as a salt metathesis reaction.**

**How vĩ đại balance H**_{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa

_{2}SO

_{4}+ HCOONa

**The balanced chemical equation for H _{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa reaction is:**

**2HCOONa + H _{2}SO_{4 }= 2HCOOH + Na_{2}SO_{4}**

**Following are the steps vĩ đại equate the reaction mentioned above:**

**The unbalanced equation is first written down, i.e.: HCOONa + H**_{2}SO_{4}= HCOOH + Na_{2}SO_{4}**The number of atoms or elements present on both reactant and product sides are counted and tabulated.**

Atoms | Reactant Side | Product Side |
---|---|---|

Sodium | 1 | 2 |

Sulfur | 1 | 1 |

Carbon | 1 | 1 |

Hydrogen | 3 | 2 |

Oxygen | 6 | 6 |

**Count of atoms on reactant and product side**

**Necessary coefficients are then added vĩ đại the unbalanced atoms vĩ đại establish the balanced reaction.****To balance sodium atoms, HCOONa molecule was multiplied by coefficient 2.****Secondly, hydrogen was equated on both sides by multiplying HCOOH by coefficient 2.****Thus, the balanced chemical equation for the given reaction is as follows:****2HCOONa + H**_{2}**SO**_{4 }**—> 2HCOOH + Na**_{2}SO_{4}

**H**_{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa Titration

_{2}SO

_{4}+ HCOONa Titration

**HCOONa cannot be titrated against H _{2}SO_{4 }as HCOONa is a monosodium salt of a weak acid. Thus, without a base, H_{2}SO_{4} and HCOONa titration would yield no significant results.**

**H**_{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa Net Ionic Equation

_{2}SO

_{4}+ HCOONa Net Ionic Equation

**The net ionic equation between H _{2}SO_{4} and HCOONa is: HCOO^{–} + Na^{+} + 2H^{+} + SO_{4}^{2-} = HCOO^{–} + H^{+} + 2Na^{+} + SO_{4}^{2-}**

Xem thêm: feso4+bacl2

**The following are the steps vĩ đại derive the net ionic equation:**

**Firstly, the complete balanced equation is noted.****2HCOONa + H**_{2}SO_{4}=**2HCOOH + Na**_{2}SO_{4}**The reacting atoms are then dissociated into their respective ions vĩ đại give the net ionic equation; for example, HCOONa splits in an aqueous solution vĩ đại give HCOO**^{–}and Na^{+}ions.**In the next step, spectator ions, if any, are eliminated from both sides of the reaction.****The final net ionic equation for H**_{2}SO_{4}+ HCOONa reaction is mentioned in the next step.**HCOO**^{–}+ Na^{+}+ 2H^{+}+ SO_{4}^{2-}= HCOO^{–}+ H^{+}+ 2Na^{+}+ SO_{4}^{2-}

**H**_{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa Conjugate Pairs

_{2}SO

_{4}+ HCOONa Conjugate Pairs

**The conjugate pairs formed between reaction H _{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa are mentioned below:**

**Conjugate base of H**_{2}SO_{4}(after donating a proton) = HSO_{4}^{–}**Conjugate base of HCOOH = HCOO**^{–}

**H**_{2}SO_{4} and HCOONa Intermolecular Forces

_{2}SO

_{4}and HCOONa Intermolecular Forces

**For H**_{2}SO_{4},**Van der waals dispersion forces****, dipole-dipole interactions, and strong intermolecular hydrogen bonding forces are present as intermolecular forces.****HCOONa exhibit electrostatic attraction, implying that Ionic intermolecular forces exist due vĩ đại the presence of two ionic species, Na**^{+}and HCOO^{–}.

**H**_{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa Reaction Enthalpy

_{2}SO

_{4}+ HCOONa Reaction Enthalpy

**The reaction enthalpy of H _{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa is 5.73 kJ/mol (approximately).**

Compounds | Moles | Enthalpy of Formation, ΔH⁰_{f} (kJ/mol) |
---|---|---|

H_{2}SO_{4} | 1 | -909.27 |

HCOONa | 2 | -666.5 |

HCOOH | 2 | -424.72 |

Na_{2}SO_{4} | 1 | -1387.1 |

**Bond Enthalpy values**

**The standard enthalpy of a reaction is calculated using the formula: ΔH⁰**_{f (reaction)}= ΣΔH⁰_{f (products) }– ΣΔH⁰_{f (reactants)}**Enthalpy of reaction = [2×(-424.72) + 1× (-1387.1)] – [2×(-666.5) + 1×(-909.27)] = 5.73 kJ/mol**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa a Buffer Solution?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ HCOONa a Buffer Solution?

**H**_{2}SO_{4}+ HCOONa is not a buffer solution because H_{2}SO_{4}is a strong acid, and no conjugate acid or base is present vĩ đại resist the pH change.**However, HCOOH produced in this reaction may combine with HCOONa vĩ đại give an acidic buffer.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa a Complete Reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ HCOONa a Complete Reaction?

**H**_{2}SO_{4}+ HCOONa is a complete reaction as it forms two complete products, HCOOH and Na_{2}SO_{4}.**However, at temperatures ranging from 25 vĩ đại 170⁰C, HCOOH may further decompose vĩ đại produce carbon monoxide gas and water.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4 }and HCOONa an Exothermic or Endothermic Reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4 }and HCOONa an Exothermic or Endothermic Reaction?

**The given reaction is endothermic since the change in enthalpy is positive. As a result, external energy is absorbed by the reaction vĩ đại reach completion.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa a Redox Reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ HCOONa a Redox Reaction?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa is not a redox reaction since no change in the oxidation states of elements is observed on both sides of the reaction.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa a Precipitation Reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ HCOONa a Precipitation Reaction?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa is not a precipitation reaction because both the products obtained are highly soluble in water,**

**ruling out the possibility of precipitate formation.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4 }+ HCOOH Reversible or Irreversible Reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4 }+ HCOOH Reversible or Irreversible Reaction?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa is irreversible in nature because the products formed can no longer perform reverse reactions vĩ đại synthesize the reactants under the same reaction conditions.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4 }+ HCOOH Displacement Reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4 }+ HCOOH Displacement Reaction?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + HCOONa is a double displacement reaction because of the cationic and anionic exchange of atoms that occurs during product formation.**

**Conclusion**

H_{2}SO_{4} and HCOONa reaction is one of the ways vĩ đại synthesize formic acid, an important intermediate, and sodium sulfate, which is employed as an efficient drying agent in organic reactions. Formic acid mainly has varied uses in the field of agriculture as a preservative, in fuel cell, as a pH modifier, and so sánh on.

Read more facts on H2SO4:

Xem thêm: nahso3 + hcl

H2SO4 + KClO3 H2SO4 + NaH H2SO4 + NaOCl H2SO4 + K2S H2SO4 + MnO2 H2SO4 + HCOOH H2SO4 + Mn2O7 H2SO4 + Mg H2SO4 + Na2CO3 H2SO4 + Sr(NO3)2 H2SO4 + MnS H2SO4 + NaHSO3 H2SO4 + CaCO3 H2SO4 + CH3COONa H2SO4 + Sn H2SO4 + Al2O3 H2SO4 + SO3 H2SO4 + H2O H2SO4 + Fe2S3 H2SO4 + NH4OH H2SO4 + Li3PO4 H2SO4 + Na2HPO4 H2SO4 + ZnCl2 H2SO4 + Al2(SO3)3 | H2SO4 + KOH H2SO4 + CH3CH2OH H2SO4 + Li2O H2SO4 + K2Cr2O7 H2SO4 + NaOH H2SO4+ Ag H2SO4 + Mn3O4 H2SO4 + NaH2PO4 H2SO4 + Sr H2SO4 + Zn H2SO4-HG2(NO3)2 H2SO4 + Pb(NO3)2 H2SO4 + Na H2SO4 + Ag2S H2SO4 + BaCO3 H2SO4 + PbCO3 H2SO4 + Sr(OH)2 H2SO4 +Mg3N2 H2SO4 + LiOH H2SO4 + Cl2 H2SO4 + Be H2SO4 + Na2S H2SO4 + Li2SO3 | H2SO4 + Fe(OH)3 H2SO4 + Al(OH)3 H2SO4 + NaI H2SO4 + K2CO3 H2SO4 + NaNO3 H2SO4 + CuO H2SO4 + Fe2O3 H2SO4 + AgNO3 H2SO4 + Al H2SO4 + K2SO4 H2SO4-HGO H2SO4 + Ba H2SO4 + MnCO3 H2SO4 + K2SO3 H2SO4 + PbCl2 H2SO4 + P4O10 H2SO4 + NaHCO3 H2SO4 + O3 H2SO4 + Ca(OH)2 H2SO4 + Be(OH)2 HCl + H2SO4 H2SO4 + Fe3O4 H2SO4 + KI | H2SO4 + KMnO4 H2SO4 + CH3NH2 H2SO4 + CH3COOH H2SO4 + Pb H2SO4 + CH3OH H2SO4 + Fe2(CO3)3 H2SO4 + Li2CO3 H2SO4 + MgO H2SO4 + Na2O H2SO4 + F2 H2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 H2SO4 + Ca H2SO4 + K2O H2SO4 + Mg(OH)2 H2SO4+NaF H2SO4 + Sb2S3 H2SO4 + NH4NO3 H2SO4 + AlBr3 H2SO4 + CsOH H2SO4 + BaSO3 H2SO4 + AlCl3 H2SO4 + Zn(OH)2 H2SO4 + BeO | H2SO4 + Fe H2SO4 + HCOONa H2SO4 + Cu H2SO4 + PbS H2SO4 + P2O5 H2SO4 + CuCO3 H2SO4 + Li H2SO4 + K2CrO4 H2SO4 + NaCl H2SO4 + Ag2O H2SO4 +Mg2Si H2SO4 + Mn(OH)2 H2SO4+ NACLO2 H2SO4 + K H2SO4 + CaCl2 H2SO4 + Li2S H2SO4 + SrCO3 H2SO4 + H2O2 H2SO4 + CuS H2SO4 + KBr H2SO4 + Fe3O4 H2SO4 + Na2S2O3 H2SO4 + As2S3 |

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